South of Italy is known as the “Midday region” .  

The south of Italy is known as the “Midday region” .   

Rule: When discussing specific areas, “the” is usually needed.

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The list of items to buy are on the table.   

The list of items to buy is on the table.   

Rule: A singular subject (e.g. book, teacher) takes a singular verb (e.g. is, teaches)

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My weekend activities were watching tv, sleeping, and drink a beer or two .  

My weekend activities were watching tv, sleeping, and drinking a beer or two .  

Rule: Similar ideas/actions are presented side by side in similar grammatical form.

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Rod was chased by a dog riding his bike down the highway.   
The writer means that Rod was riding the bike when he was chased, but the sentence says the dog was riding his bike.

Rod, riding his bike down the highway, was chased by a dog .   

Rule: Modifiers should be placed near to the noun they modify.

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The accident was happened when I was driving.   

The accident happened when I was driving.   

Rule: We use the active voice when the subject does the action, and the passive voice when the subjects receives or experiences the action.

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I have already competed the assignment yesterday.   

I competed the assignment yesterday.   

Rule: We use the simple past when we describe past events that occurred in a precise moment in the past, and the present perfect when we describe past events that occurred at indefinite times.

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I love to ski, and my partner cannot stand it.   

I love to ski, but my partner cannot stand it.   

Rule: And is used to join similar ideas. But is used to show contrast.

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